Agency-based Theory of War for Complex Conflict
The arrangement of men into societies is a natural social phenomenon. Aristotle, for instance, argues that the city-state is an arrangement "that exists by nature." Whereas atoms seek other atoms for an equal distribution of energy, men seek other men for a similarly equal distribution of tranquility. Augustine defines the ordered distribution of man's tranquility (human society) as four circles. The first is man's house. The second is the city. The third is the world, and the fourth is heaven. Something or someone guides each circle which also bears the responsibility, as Aristotle contends, to maintain order within the scope of their circle. The ordering of society from household to the world, establishes an ordering of rule. These strata form the environment through which man engages with other men (Figure 1). The rule of man, therefore, seeks to achieve a kind of harmony with what Augustine deems a, "well-ordered concord of civic obedience and civic rule." Agency arises out of man’s ability to rule and express one’s will onto another and is the foundation of violent tensions.